Erik Moberg ã:
A Theory of Democratic Politics
21 - PRESIDENTIAL CONSTITUTIONS WITH PROPORTIONAL ELECTIONS: THE MAIN ACTORS AND THE LOBBYISTS
In this constitutional setting, as well as in the other ones, the lobbyists are likely to approach the main actors. Furthermore, the purposes of the lobbyists may either be to get new legislation into being, or to prevent the removal of existing legislation.
In the former case, since the problem is to bring about a decisive constellation, the lobbyist may find it best to approach the president. In the latter case, which is easier since the creation of a blocking constellation is enough, the lobbyist may however also find it worthwhile to approach party main actors in the legislature. Lobbyists approaching individual main actors in the legislature is, however, likely to be an infrequent phenomenon. At least this is so if there are any suitable party main actors in the legislature.
Since the lobbyists thus may either try to initiate new legislation, or to prevent the removal existing legislation, we may, as mentioned in part 10, se both lobbying organizations, which are formed in order to bring changes about, and thus prior to any such changes, and organizations which are formed after some beneficial legislation, in order to prevent its removal.
Finally, and since some of the parties may be well consolidated, organizational ties between such parties and lobbying organizations should not be excluded (as explained in part 10).